Tuesday, April 8, 2014

What Is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Definition

What is type 2 diabetes

What is type 2 diabetes mellitus ? Type 2diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic syndrome defined by resistance to the hormone insulin. What this does is that it increases blood sugar levels and causes irregularities in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Insulin is secreted by the pancreas in hormone metabolism and controls the distribution of blood glucose into most cells, including muscle and fat cells.

Diabetes mellitus leads to excessive sweet urine known as glycosuria. More rare conditions, which are also known as diabetes. One of the most common of them is called diabetes insipidus, which is produced a large amount of urine known as polyuria that is not sweet.

There are three categories of diabetes mellitus and are known as type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. These are briefly explained below:

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes mellitus is the loss of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas leading to insulin deficiency. The majority of Type 1 diabetes is classified by immune nature, where beta cell loss is a cell-mediated autoimmune attack T. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for this type of diabetes.

What Is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Definition

type 2 diabetes mellitus pathophysiology
What is type 2 diabetes mellitus, have insulin resistance, which is caused by decreased insulin secretion. The first phase is primarily due to an abnormality or reduced sensitivity to insulin. This way, a hyperglycemia with a variety of different methods, including drugs decrease to improve the insulin sensitivity of glucose production in the liver or be reversed.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational type 2 diabetes mellitus is very similar to that of type-2 diabetes and these include a combination of inadequate insulin secretion and responsiveness. This can occur in 2-5 percent of pregnant women, but it is more than likely going to disappear after birth. Fortunately, close monitoring during pregnancy is gestational diabetes a disease that can not be completely cured, but necessary. The important thing here is to realize that 20 to 50 percent of women are affected by gestational diabetes have a risk of developing type 2 in the future.

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